paternity leave europe

We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Women in the labour market / Work-Life Balance, This site is managed by the Directorate-General for Communication, Right to paternity leave (as of 2 August 2022), Right to parental leave (until 1 August 2022), Right to parental leave (as of 2 August 2022), Right to request flexible working arrangements (until 1 August 2022), Right to request flexible working arrangements (as of 2 August 2022), Legal protection for maternity leave, paternity leave and adoption leave, Find out how many days of maternity leave are given in your country, Find out how many days of paternity leave are given in your country, Directive 92/85 on the protection of pregnant workers, Directive 2006/54 on equal treatment between men and women in matters of employment and occupation, Directive 2010/41 on equal treatment between men and women in self-employment, Directive 1158/2019 on work-life balance for parents and carers, Aid, Development cooperation, Fundamental rights, Follow the European Commission on social media. EU countries have different regulations for paternity leave. Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Student, Pardee RAND Graduate School. In any event, you are entitled to parental leave … Maternity leave is compensated at least at the national sick pay level. at what point during a child’s lifetime), its distribution (e.g. Paternity leave is compensated at least at the national sick pay level. Perhaps most importantly, the uptake of parental leave by working fathers is low. European Commission, 2016. Eligibility criteria directly influence who can take leave. Flexibility in the timing of uptake has a positive effect on uptake, Availability and access to childcare are positively related to uptake, The tax system can produce disincentives to take leave. We discuss existing barriers to uptake. These comprise reduced working hours, flexible working hours and flexibility in place of work. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These include policies that directly encourage fathers to take up leave, such as well-compensated individual leave entitlements, and policies aimed at creating a sustainable solution to the challenges of combining work and family life, such as leave arrangements that are flexible and adaptive to individual needs, but also policies aimed at changing workplace culture. Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience. Arrangements for parental leave vary widely across Europe, and although the majority of EU Member States provide a statutory right to parental leave, some do not. In many cases, those on part-time contracts are on a lower income and less likely to take leave. Germany also experienced a rise after reserving a specific part of parental leave for fathers – a rise from 3.3 per cent in 2006 to 29.3 per cent in 2012. Despite the positive effect of paternity- and parental leave uptake by fathers on a number of economic, social and demographic outcomes, the current uptake of leave by fathers across Europe is low. The Pardee RAND Graduate School ( is the largest public policy Ph.D. program in the nation and the only program based at an independent public policy research organization—the RAND Corporation. Being Mindful About Changing Psychedelic Policy in California, Getting to Know Military Caregivers and Their Needs, Helping Coastal Communities Plan for Climate Change, Improving Psychological Wellbeing and Work Outcomes in the UK. Paternity leave for working fathers is offered in 18 of the 28 EU member states, with the length of time being short – around 12.5 days on average. The link between fathers taking parental leave and improvements in the development of children makes it an important area for European policymakers to consider. Most of these countries also offer 100 per cent income compensation for fathers on paternity leave. In most European countries, working fathers can take parental leave, which is offered to both mothers and fathers, and paternity leave, which is just offered to fathers. The uptake of paternal leave by working fathers in Sweden has doubled after cash bonuses were provided for parents if parental leave is equally divided between parents and part of parental leave was reserved specifically for fathers. Other important factors that determine uptake, which vary widely across Europe are: Family-related leave policies across Europe, Differences between parental leave and paternal leave. At least 2 out of the 4 months are non-transferable from a parent to another.

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