overtraining syndrome treatment

A keyword in the recognition of OTS might be "prolonged maladaptation" not only of the athlete but also of several biological, neurochemical, and hormonal regulation mechanisms. 1987 Nov; 8 Suppl 2():124-31. However, one should be cautious of increased heat stress and possible decreased performance with antidepressant treatment in athletes. Diagnostics (Basel). The unknown mechanism of the overtraining syndrome: clues from depression and psychoneuroimmunology. Tian Y, He Z, Zhao J, Tao D, Xu K, Midgley A, McNaughton L. J Athl Train. Testing hormone levels and addressing imbalances is key; Saliva Testing is a convenient way to assess hormone balance at home. Overtraining syndrome is prevalent in competitive athletes, such including distance runners, swimmers and those who play ball sports. Psychomotor speed: possibly a new marker for overtraining syndrome. Many consider overreaching and overtraining as a continuum 7). 1998 Jun;32(2):107-10. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.32.2.107. If you are in doubt, get evaluated by a physician who is knowledgeable in the area. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). Maintaining adequate nutrition and hydration. Athletes were tested after having symptoms ranging from 2 weeks to 1 year and prospectively followed for resolution of symptoms. However, observation of training load, performance measures, and mood questionnaires can help interrupt the progression from FO to NFO/overtraining syndrome 72). Monotonous training should also be avoided, particularly in swimmers11. One of the first and primary treatments for OTS is to rest. USA.gov. A hard week of training should be followed by a few days of light training with a day off completely. 2003; 33(10):771-81. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12895132/, Meeusen R, Duclos M, Gleeson M, et al. This means both getting good sleep every night and having a “rest” day one day a week during which there is no intense physical activity. Halson SL, Jeukendrup AE. PM R. 2010 May;2(5):442-50. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2010.03.025. This paper defines the overtraining syndrome as a three-stage spectrum disorder, following the stress model first described by Hans Selye (who also coined the term stress) in the 1930s. Overtraining syndrome is neuro-endocrine disorder classified as a "syndrome" because of the following combined emotional, behavioral and physical symptoms: Because the amount of time necessary to recover is directly proportional to the amount of time the individual has overtrained, early detection is crucial. A couple recent studies show promise for discriminating nonfunctional overreaching (NFO) from overtraining syndrome. Failure adaptation: psychological conceptualization of the stress response process in sport. It is believed that functional overreaching (FO), nonfunctional overreaching (NFO) and overtraining syndrome represent a disturbance, an adaptation, and eventual maladaption of the HPA (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal) axis. However, the diagnosis of nonfunctional overreaching (NFO) and overtraining syndrome was made retrospectively and arbitrarily defined overtraining syndrome as greater than 1 year of symptoms. Nip it in the bud by knowing the symptoms and keeping a watchful eye on your body.  |  Adjusting the diet and massage are helpful. All information presented in this website is intended for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of rendering medical advice. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov. 2002:32;95-102, Varelet-Marie E, Mercier J, Brun J. Almost any kind of training and conditioning requires a period of recovery so that the body can heal. A 2-bout maximal exercise protocol reportedly diagnoses functional overreaching (FO), nonfunctional overreaching (NFO) and overtraining syndrome by investigating the HPA (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal) axis response 52). Overtraining, excessive exercise, and altered immunity: is this a T helper-1 versus T helper-2 lymphocyte response? Armstrong LE, VanHeest JL. This journal can be shared with health care providers to facilitate the diagnosis of OTS. Get the latest research from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus. Med Sci Sports Exerc. However, even overnight excretion shows high interindividual variability 48). 2020 Sep 1;55(9):885-892. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-500-19. Those training at higher altitudes or resuming training immediately after recovery from illness are also at higher risk for OTS. 2002;32:185-209, Robson PJ. An update.  |  Epub 2020 Jun 30. That said, there are degrees of overtraining, from very mild to very debilitating. Most would agree that excessive exercise, functional overreaching (FO), nonfunctional overreaching (NFO) and Overtraining Syndrome can result in impairment in cell-mediated immunity, but there does not appear to be an immunologic marker that differentiates them 42). Overtraining Syndrome is unlikely to occur due to regular exercise, a few times a week or even for a short period daily.

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