leopold ii of tuscany

Leopold put pressure on Great Britain by threatening to cede his part of the Low Countries to France. During 1791, the emperor remained increasingly preoccupied with the affairs of France. The attacks on the rights of the German princes on the left bank of the Rhine, and the increasing violence of the parties in Paris which were agitating to bring about war, soon showed, however, that this hope was vain. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor9= 9. One of the harshest actions Leopold took to placate the noble communities of the various Habsburg domains was to issue a decree on 9 May 1790, that forced thousands of Bohemian serfs freed by his brother Joseph back into servitude. Philip V of Spain21= 21. Long live Italian independence!" Augustus III of PolandElector of Saxony23= 23. His was the mildest and least reactionary of all the Italian despotisms of the day, and although always subject to Austrian influence he refused to adopt the Austrian methods of government, allowed a fair measure of liberty to the press, and permitted many political exiles from other states to dwell in Tuscany undisturbed. But when in the early 1840s a feeling of unrest spread throughout Italy, even in Tuscany demands for a constitution and other political reforms were advanced; in 1845 and 1846 riots broke out in various parts of the country, and Leopold granted a number of administrative reforms. He succeeded his father on 18 June 1824. Leopold II had no difficulty in seeing through the rather transparent cunning of the Russian empress, and he refused to be misled. In April 1850 he concluded a treaty with Austria sanctioning the continuation for an indefinite period of the Austrian occupation with 10,000 men; in September he dismissed parliament, and the following year established a concordat with the Church of a very clerical character. ahnentafel-compact5style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;border=1boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;1= 1. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor5= 5. Had he not joined the conclave of autocrats at Gaeta, and, above all, had he not summoned Austrian assistance while denying that he had done so, in 1849, he might yet have preserved his throne, and even changed the whole course of Italian history. 2006. This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 04:16. Maria Amalia of Saxony (= 11)14= 14. His Imperial Majesty Leopold II, By the Grace of God, Holy Roman Emperor; King of Germany, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia and Lodomeria, Rama, Serbia, Cumania and Bulgaria; Archduke of Austria; Duke of Burgundy, Lorraine, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Grand Duke of Etruria; Grand Prince of Transylvania; Margrave of Moravia, Prince of Brabant, Limburg, Luxembourg, Geldern, Württemberg, Upper and Lower Silesia, Milan, Mantua, Parma, Piacenza, Guastalla, Auschwitz and Zatoria, Calabria, Bar, Ferrete and Teschen; Lord of Svevia and Charleville; Count of Habsburg, Flanders, Hannonia, Kyburg, Gorizia, Gradisca; Margrave of Burgau, Upper and Lower Lusatia, Pont-a-Mousson and Nomenum, Count of Provinces of Namur, Valdemons, Albimons, Count of Zütphen, Sarverda, Salma and Falkenstein, Lord of the Wend Margravate and Mechelen, etc.[14]. The émigrés who followed him pertinaciously were refused audience, or when they forced themselves on him, were peremptorily denied all help. Leopold, during his government in Tuscany, had shown a speculative tendency to grant his subjects a constitution. During the last few years of his rule in Tuscany, Leopold had begun to be frightened by the increasing disorders in the German and Hungarian dominions of his family, which were the direct result of his brother's strict methods. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies7= 7. Charles III of Spain11= 11. At first Leopold reacted cautiously to the explosive situation created in Europe by the French Revolution. Conquer these questions—and expand your mental empire—in this quiz of emperors, conquerors, and men of war. The historian Paul W. Schroeder called him "one of the most shrewd and sensible monarchs ever to wear a crown".[4].

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