bastet egyptian god

high CNY680735. Coinciding with the domestication of the cat, Bastet’s image changed to become less intimidating, even as her powers increased. She was often depicted holding a sistrum (the sacred rattle of Hathor) and Denderah (the home of the cult centre of Hathor in the sixth nome of Upper Egypt) was sometimes known as the “Southern Bubastis”. Bastet was the daughter of Ra, sister of Sekhmet, the wife of Ptah, and the mother of Mihos. The inscription on this amulet also contains the epithet “beautiful sistrum (rattle) player,” referring to Bastet’s role as a patron goddess of religious festivals, which often incorporated music. She is the Egyptian goddess of the home and felines, as well as a protector goddess. Bastet was a protective goddess. She is generally thought of as a cat goddess. AN EGYPTIAN AMETHYST CAT AMULET LATE PERIOD TO PTOLEMAIC PERIOD, 664-30 B.C. In her honor, mummified cats, sometimes in impressive bronze or wooden containers, were donated at her temples, of which the most important were located at Bubastis and Saqqara, Yep, that's right. She was very closely linked to Hathor. Bastet is associated with femininity and cats. Bastet is often depicted with the head of a house cat, but her feline form is only one of her many intriguing aspects. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. Bastet was the goddess of protection, pleasure, and the bringer of good health. In her honor, entire cemeteries of mummified house cats (often buried near their owners) appeared in Bubastis and Memphis during the Ptolemaic periods. Giraffe mummy We made our animal mummies out of paper towel rolls. Evidence from tomb paintings suggests that the Egyptians hunted with their cats (who were apparently trained to retrieve prey) and also kept them as loved pets. A cookie which helps me track how many visitors come to my site and what pages they look at. Bastet was the goddess of protection, pleasure, and the bringer of good health. She personified the playfulness, grace, affection, and cunning of a cat as well as the fierce power of a lioness. This role symbolized both her growing power and influence and high fertility levels associated with the domestic cat. However, amulets of Bastet in this particular form — as an enthroned woman with a maned lionness head — did not become common until the Third Intermediate Period (ca. 126-7. These depictions are more common in earlier stories and regional mythology. London: University of Pennsylvania Press. During her yearly festival, a single torch begins the celebration, followed by a torch-lighting ceremony throughout her hometown, Associated with a number of other Egyptian and Greek deities, Family includes a sister named Hathor and two sons named Nefertem and Maahes, Wife of Ptah, a god of creation, rebirth, and craftsmen, Goes by two alternate names, which are “Protector of the East” and “Protector of the West”, Worshiped for her initial role as a fierce protector in Lower Egypt, Worshiped as a feline mother-like figure in Upper Egypt, Worshiped mostly as a sun deity in Lower Egypt in association with her father. The Ancient Egyptians held animals in the highest regard. Thus it is perhaps unsurprising that Bast was so popular. Based on this association, she is sometimes also called the “Eye of the Moon.”. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Bastet was originally a fierce lioness warrior goddess of the sun worshiped throughout most of ancient Egyptian history, but later she was changed into the cat goddess that is familiar today, becoming Bastet. In Picasso's Basement PASSPORT TO ART class the students learned about Cat Mummies. Austin: University of Texas. In addition to gender roles, her image is also influenced by politics. This cat sits on a menat-shaped base in a typical pose, upright with its tail wrapped along its right side, The gods of ancient Egypt were as rich and varied as the culture itself. However, the phonetic elements “bas” are written with an oil jar (the “t” is the feminine ending) which is not used when writing the word “devour”. As a result, Bast was seen as a protective goddess. Fastest mummification ever! During the Old Kingdom she was considered to be the daughter of Atum in Heliopolis (because of her association with Tefnut), however, she was generally thought to be the daughter of Ra (or later Amun). Cookies that are necessary to enable my site to function. Not only did they protect the crops and slow the spread of disease by killing rodents, they were also thought to be the physical form of the goddess Bastet. Specifically, she is often portrayed as a female cat in a seated position. They also decided that Bast was a moon goddess, although she was originally considered to be the daughter of Ra and the “Eye of Ra”. There's more! 2686-2160 BCE). They do not store any information about you other than that which is strictly required for navigation and function, and I have no aceess to any of the data. The Cat in Ancient Egypt. Seated upon an integral plinth, the tail wrapped around its right side, a ridged suspension loop at the center of its back 1 in. She granted their wishes, Sometimes shown with multiple body piercings, including the ears and nose, Her name changed during the New Kingdom to add an extra “t,” which is more feminine, Honored by worshipers with golden jewelry, as cats were associated with riches and royalty, Considered a good mother and had two children of her own, Had a yearly festival in her honor that attracted over 700,000 people from across Egypt, Festival activities included drinking copious amounts of wine, which is a divine drink associated with the goddess, Wore a necklace with a Wedjat eye, which symbolizes wholeness and provides protection, Holds a sistrum in her right hand, which is a percussion instrument popular in ancient Egypt, Holds an aegis with a lion’s head in her left hand, which is a protective shield made of armor, Sometimes called the goddess of dancing and singing, Has a temple in her honor. This delicately carved steatite amulet depicts an enthroned goddess with the head of a lioness. Bastet, often associated closely with the ferocious lioness goddess Sakhmet, also assumed more violent roles, as she was able to both inflict and cure disease. Bastet was usually seen as a gentle protective goddess. This feline deity is the maternal fertility goddess Bastet, identified by name in a small inscription on the back of the throne. The town, known in Egyptian as pr-bꜣstt (also transliterated as Per-Bastet), carries her name, literally meaning House of Bastet. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Initially, Bastet protected her father from harm. However, the connection with Tefnut and Bast’s potentially warlike aspect probably contributed to this apparently strange connection. She (like Sekhmet) was also the wife of Ptah and mother of Nefertum and the lion-god Maahes (Mihos) (who may have been an aspect of Nefertum). She is seen battling snakes in some mythological scenes, including engaging in combat with Apep. Worshipers donated offerings of small bronze statues of the goddess. But before we get to it, you must first know a couple of things about both Anubis and Bastet. However, she originally had the head of a lion or a desert sand-cat and it was not until the New Kingdom that she became exclusively associated with the domesticated cat. Malek, Jaromir, 1993. Her link with Sekhmet was the closest. After all, even the smallest house cat is a skilled hunter. One of her epithets was “lady of Asheru”. Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. Cat Goddess Canopic Jar and Urn for Cats. Bastet is associated with femininity and cats. 32-5. Bubastis was the capital of ancient Egypt for a time during the Late Period, and a number of pharaohs included the goddess in their throne names. Bastet was so popular that, in 525 BCE, when Cambyses II of Persia invaded Egypt, he made use of the goddess to force the Egyptian's surrender. The cat was the sacred animal of the goddess Bastet, a great and benevolent Egyptian goddess. Later, the goddess acquired a third major duty of protecting people against evil spirits and contagious diseases. In zoomorphic form, she was represented as a cat and cats were considered sacred to her. Both pets and wild animals were incredibly important to Egyptian society, from mummified cats to chariot-pulling stallions. The deity wears a striated tripartite wig and a tight-fitting dress that comes to mid-calf. The cat was a symbol of Bastet. First of all, in ancient Egypt, Anubis was the most important god of the dead. Bastet (also referred to as “Bast”) is the offspring of Ra, an Egyptian sun god. She was also honored through jewelry, especially amulets, made of gold molded into the shape of cats. Not only did both goddesses take the form of a lioness, they were both considered to be the spouse of Ptah and the mother of Nefertum and during the feast of Hathor (celebrating man’s deliverance from the wrathful “Eye of Ra”) an image of Sekhmet represented Upper Egypt while an image of Bast represented Lower Egypt. (2.5 cm.) However, even then she remained true to her origins and retained her war-like aspect. Flickr is almost certainly the best online photo management and sharing application in the world. Bastet was one of the daughters of the sun god, Ra. The myth of Anubis and Bastet is quite an interesting one. She was also worshiped all over Lower Egypt, but her cult was centred on her temple at Bubastis in the eighteenth nome of Lower Egypt (which is now in ruins). Facts about Bastet 7: the first depiction. Andrews, Carol, 1994. Measurements: Height: 2.3 cm; Width: 0.41 cm; Thickness: 1.25 cm, Date: Third Intermediate Period, 25th Dynasty, ca.

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